Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions

The Service

Our editing service is open to any researcher or author regardless of where the text will be submitted for publication. It is not only for Springer Nature publications.

Both are suitable for scientific text, but the two types of editing are very different. English language editing focuses on spelling, grammar and phrasing. With scientific editing, we do whatever we can to help you express your specialized scientific ideas for your target audience.

The choice between these services depends on what you want us to do. If you want help with your English, choose English language editing. If you would like broader and more intensive help with communicating your research, choose scientific editing. For more information, please go to English Language Editing and Scientific Editing.

English language editing is available for all types of research-related text (including research papers, reviews, grant applications, books, theses, reports and news articles) in a broad variety of subject areas, in disciplines from engineering and biology to humanities and social sciences.

We provide scientific editing for research papers, grant applications and reviews within the natural sciences (biology, medicine, chemistry, physics and earth sciences). We do not edit in other fields, such as mathematics, engineering, humanities and social sciences, unless the text has strong relevance to the natural sciences. Scientific Editing does not accept anything that will be formally assessed as part of a qualification, such as theses.

If you are unsure whether we can help, please contact us, and we will let you know.

For information about our editors, please go to English Language Editing and Scientific Editing.

For information on turnaround times, please go to Pricing.

In keeping with ethical standards for editors, we are careful not to take control of the content away from the author – for example, all of our edits are tracked so that they can easily be accepted or rejected as you see fit. Moreover, we do not add significant novel material to a paper, as this would constitute (ghost) authorship rather than editing. See our policies for further details.

In addition, English language editing focuses on making your text sound as though it is written by a native English speaker. Although our editors have subject expertise and may occasionally point out what they believe are content-related problems, they will not review content or take any responsibility for content.

No, and to do so would be unethical – see our policies for further details. Editing of a paper by Nature Research Editing Service in no way implies that the paper will be selected for peer review or accepted by a Springer Nature publication or any other publication. The decisions of journal editors are based on the suitability of each paper for that journal and are entirely independent of whether the paper has been edited by Nature Research Editing Service.

We do not format text to adhere to particular journal requirements. However, we can ensure that your text conforms to standard American or British spelling. Moreover, if you choose scientific editing, we can suggest ways to reduce the word count (if you tell us that you would like us to do this).

Uploading Your Work

Please send us your work for editing in a Microsoft Word (.doc or .docx) file. Rich text format (.rtf) and text (.txt) files are also accepted – these will be edited in Microsoft Word.

We can also help users of LaTeX – simply copy the file into a Word document. Once we have edited the Word file, you will be able to review and incorporate our edits before transferring the text back into LaTeX.

To find the total word count in a Microsoft Word document, first take out the references and any numerical table data, and then use the word count feature in Microsoft Word (under the Review tab). If you are submitting the document for scientific editing, please ensure that you restore the deleted information after performing the word count, as the editors will need to see it.

Your word count will be verified by the assigned editor, and you will be contacted if there is a discrepancy that affects the price (whether an increase or decrease).

If you would like us to edit only part of your text, please request this when you upload your document.

Note that we do not edit images.

If you choose scientific editing, we strongly recommend that you provide us with all of the scientific material that is eventually intended for publication, including text that you do not want us to edit, so that our editors can understand your work in full.

Payment and Billing

For information on costs, please go to Pricing.

All prices are in US dollars, but we do accept several other major currencies, including RMB. For English language editing, the currency can be selected when you upload your paper. For scientific editing, please inquire.

We accept payment from most major credit card providers.

Alternatively, if you are affiliated with a research or academic institution, we will provide you with an invoice (with a purchase order number if you have one). For English language editing, if you pay via bank transfer, a charge of US$25 from the receiving bank is added to the price. Payment details are included on your invoice.

Finally, for English language editing, we also accept payment by PayPal.

There is no surcharge for paying via PayPal or credit card.

For English language editing, as soon as you upload a document, you will receive an online invoice. The invoice, along with all of your invoices from the past two years, will be available to download and print from your account Dashboard.

For scientific editing, you will receive an invoice by email.

The credits function allows you to purchase credits for English language editing and use these credits to pay for the editing of future documents. Your credits will never expire.

Credits added using an invoice will be available only after the invoice has been paid. Credits added using a credit card will be available immediately.

When you pay for editing using credits, the cost of editing will be debited from your Nature Research Editing Service account balance.

If you have a discount code for English language editing, upload your paper online and, on the Payment Details page, click ‘Enter a coupon code’. Enter the code in the box, and click ‘Apply’.

If you have a discount code for scientific editing, let us know when you request a quote.

After revising your text, you may wish to resubmit it for another round of editing. For resubmissions, you may be eligible for a discount. Contact us if you wish to resubmit a document.

Your Edited Work

We always edit using the Track Changes feature in Word (under the Review tab), to give you the option of accepting or rejecting each edit. We strongly recommend that you check every edit, rather than simply incorporating all of our changes, in case our editors have inadvertently misunderstood the text at any point.

We suggest looking at our comments as you work through the document. In general, the comments point out where the text needs to be clarified or further considered.

Please check any relevant guidelines (e.g. of your chosen journal and your funding body) regarding the acknowledgment of editing services.

With scientific editing, we actively recommend that you acknowledge our input in your cover letter, the Acknowledgments section or both (whatever you feel is most appropriate). We do not believe that our service constitutes authorship, but a transparent indication of our input is in keeping with ethical expectations.

If you send us a document for English language editing, we will automatically evaluate its eligibility for a certificate. You do not need to request one.

If we deem the language quality is ready for publication after a single round of English language editing, we will provide a certificate. You will be able to download the certificate, along with the edited document, from your account Dashboard.

You can provide the certificate to a journal to demonstrate that the language in your article has been professionally edited.

Note that the certificate does not cover changes made to the paper after we edit it.

Proof of scientific editing can be obtained on request.

If you did not receive a certificate, don’t be discouraged. It simply means that your document needs additional revisions.

After revising your language-edited document, if you wish to submit it for another round of English language editing, contact as you will be eligible for a discount on this resubmission (when no certificate was awarded).